31 March 2014

[Editor's Note: due to the extreme length of this document, we have only included the beginning of it. Please email
lessoilforlife@yahoo.com for the full article. ]

A detailed study of 284 demonstrations for peace in
the United States on February 15, 2003

On February 15 more than 12 million people all over
the world loudly and visibly said no to war in Iraq.
A total of between 862,152 and 1,033,874 of these were
Americans, accounting for six to nine percent of the
demonstrators worldwide.

While the U.S. media focused on the two large protests
that occurred in New York and San Francisco, between
222,152 and 333,874 Americans demonstrated for peace
in at least 282 other communities of all sizes in all
fifty states.

This study is the product of three weeks of research
using national and local news sources and direct local
organizer contacts. Following this introduction, you
will find:

DATA -- a state-by-state breakdown of all anti-war
events in the U.S. known to us, listing where each
occurred, a low and high participation estimate, and
our sources for the information
METHODOLOGY -- how we interpreted the data
COVERAGE -- how the media told the story

In the course of our research, we discovered a
diversity of creative approaches that peace groups
used to get their message out. Here are a few
demonstrations most Americans probably did not hear
about in their local news:

In Maine, Peace Action organized demonstrators in at
least twenty-four communities across the state to
stand on local bridges, transforming them into
"Bridges for Peace." This included demonstrators in
Calais who joined Canadians on the bridge connecting
the two nations.

In Tucson, Arizona, about 200 protestors broke into
small groups and walked or carpooled to gas stations
to hold signs reminding consumers of the direct
relationship between the nation's foreign policy and
their personal dependence on oil.

In Sandpoint, Idaho, the February 15 peace rally
marked the beginning of a seven-day, 168-hour
continuous peace vigil.

In Atlanta, the International Action Center organized
a "Peace Caravan" made up of a large flatbed truck
equipped with a sound system, followed by a bus and
thirty to fifty vans and cars full of demonstrators.
The caravan traveled over forty miles through Atlanta
neighborhoods, making stops at six shopping areas with
a final rally at the last stop. This strategy spread
the message to thousands who would not have seen a
stationary event and, according to organizers,
elicited honks of approval wherever the caravan

In Santa Monica, California, a group called Peace on
the Beach ended its all-day event by organizing
between 5,000 and 6,000 demonstrators into a huge
human representation of Picasso's work "The Face of
Peace." An aerial photograph of the human artwork can
be seen in the Santa Monica Mirror

Every Midwest and Southeast organizer we spoke to
mentioned the weather, either snow, freezing rain, or
extreme cold. The blizzard that swept much of the
country, dumping two feet of snow in many places,
certainly reduced overall turnout, yet events went on
as scheduled. An organizer in Portsmouth, Ohio, where
snow conditions caused the Governor to declare a state
of emergency by Sunday morning, told us, "We expected
over 200 people, except in the worst-case scenario --
which is what we had." Even so, 75 to 85 Portsmouth
residents braved the blizzard.