BANGKOK, Thailand -- The U.S. Justice Department arrested and charged
a Tibetan-American New York City police officer as an "illegal agent"
involved in "intelligence gathering" for China during the past six
years, after he fought as a U.S. Marine against the Taliban in

Baimadajie Angwang, 33, reportedly told China's consulate in New York
that local Tibetans who did not believe in the Dalai Lama or Tibetan
Buddhism would collaborate with Beijing.

After serving in Afghanistan in 2013 and 2014, Mr. Angwang became an
Army Reserve staff sergeant at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and received
"secret" security clearance from the Pentagon.

The criminal complaint was unsealed on Sept. 21. in a New York federal court.

If convicted, Mr. Angwang could be imprisoned for 55 years.

His arrest and federal detention in New York comes amid worsening
U.S.-China relations, with both nations suspicious of each other for
alleged spying, propaganda attacks, unfair commercial competition and
other abuses.

Similar allegations involving various nationalities and ethnicities
have also resulted in cases in China, Canada, Australia and elsewhere.

Mr. Angwang allegedly used his police position to befriend ethnic
Tibetans in New York, informed on them to China's consulate, and tried
to help Beijing recruit more spies.

China's consulate responded to his arrest by stating that its staff
“performed their duties in accordance with international law and the
local laws of the United States."

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Special Agent Steven Deck
testified in a September 19, 2020 sworn statement:

"From August 21, 2014, through August 11, 2017, Angwang called and
texted" a Chinese consulate official's "cellular telephone on at least
53 occasions.

"Between June 2018 through March 2020, Angwang has both called and
texted" another official at the Chinese consulate, "whom he regularly
refers to as 'Boss,' on at least 55 occasions."

Transcripts of Mr. Angwang's verbal phone conversations quote him
telling his "Boss" in 2018 to alert Beijing and "let them know, you
have recruited one in the police department."

Mr. Angwang also advised him in 2018 to "develop" contacts among
Tibetan Muslims and other Tibetan minorities on the fringes of New
York's Buddhist-majority Tibetan community.

"They are a group that has been discriminated against and neglected in
the Tibetan community," Mr. Angwang said, according to Mr. Deck's

"They don’t believe in Tibetan Buddhism. When the consulate extends a
helping hand to them, they will feel the warmth of the motherland. How
wonderful would that be?"

Additional charges against Mr. Angwang include "wire fraud" when he
used the Internet in 2019 to communicate "false statements" to the
Defense Department in his military Questionnaire for National Security
Positions, and "obstructing an official proceeding" with those

He allegedly "lied by denying that he had contacts with a foreign
government" and about his relatives in China, the department said.

"Angwang's father is a retired member of the PLA (People's Liberation
Army) and a PRC (People's Republic of China) Communist Party member,"
Mr. Deck's affidavit said.

"Angwang's brother is currently serving as a reservist in the PLA.
Angwang's mother is a retired government official and also a PRC
Communist Party member.

"Angwang's father, mother and brother reside in the PRC."

He also allegedly received $120,000 in suspicious bank transfers from China.

“According to the allegations, the Chinese government recruited and
directed a U.S. citizen and member of our nation’s largest law
enforcement department to further its intelligence gathering and
repression of Chinese abroad,” said Assistant Attorney General for
National Security John C. Demers.

“The defendant is charged with violating his sworn oath as a New York
City police officer to protect and serve the citizens of New York by
instead reporting to PRC [People's Republic of China] government
officials about the activities of Chinese citizens in the New York
area, and developing intelligence sources within the Tibetan community
in the United States,” said Acting Attorney Seth D. DuCharme.

Mr. Angwang was born in China to Tibetan parents and arrived in
America at age 17 as a student on a cultural-exchange visa.

He later gained political asylum, claiming he had been "arrested and
tortured" in China for being Tibetan.

After becoming a naturalized U.S. citizen, he joined the Marines, then
the army's reservists, and in 2016 became a New York Police Department
(NYPD) officer.

“This is the definition of an insider threat,” said FBI Assistant
Director-in-Charge of the New York Field Office William F. Sweeney.

"As alleged, Angwang operated on behalf of a foreign government, lied
to gain his clearance, and used his position as an NYPD officer to aid
the Chinese government's subversive and illegal attempts to recruit
intelligence sources,” Mr. Sweeney said.

"One of the PRC consular officials at whose direction Angwang acted,
worked for the 'China Association for Preservation and Development of
Tibetan Culture,' a division of the PRC’s United Front Work
Department," the Justice Department said.

"This department is responsible for, among other things, neutralizing
potential opponents of the PRC and co-opting ethnic Chinese
individuals living outside the PRC."

Last year, Mr. Angwang began hanging out at the nonprofit Tibetan
Community of New York and New Jersey building, offering to help.

Tibetans in that group grew concerned when Mr. Angwang allegedly told
them it was not a good idea to display, in front of their building,
the flag favored by Tibet's independence activists.

“He was trying to lure us by saying, ‘If you don’t do these kinds of
political activities, you might get donations from big Chinese
businessmen'," Tashi Choephel, a former official at the nonprofit,
said at a news conference after the arrest.