The Occupy Movement is Ready for its Close Up in this Audacious Serbian Documentary


If “audacity in cinema” is the theme of this year’s South East European Film Festival, then the Serbian documentary Occupied Cinema is among the 14th annual SEEfest’s most audacious films. Following the circa 1990 collapse of a form of socialism in former Yugoslavia, along with civil wars a wave of privatization swept Serbia, et al. State-owned, nationalized property were sold off to private owners (often, according to the film, at pennies on the dollar), including a chain of movie theaters in Belgrade.


Around 2014 activists - who may have been inspired by America’s Occupy Movement - took over the Zvezda, an arthouse cinema in Belgrade, Serbia’s capital. Most of the theater’s occupiers were born after the 1980 death of Marshal Tito, the World War II leftwing partisan who had united the disparate nationalities of what was Yugoslavia. But like Tito, the occupiers seemed motivated by collectivist and other lofty lefty ideals. Among other things, the idealistic students and other participants turned the empty, crumbling venue into a cultural center, presenting hundreds of movie screenings, concerts, panel discussions - plus endless meetings and debates over what the militants are doing, why and what their goals are. Resisting the reactionary tide of privatization was also a key part of their progressive agenda.


Participatory, direct democracy can be messy, as everyone gets his/ her say in how the Zvezda should be operated and for what purposes. Whereas unity and solidarity seem to be required, the occupiers often sharply disagree with one another - although they do so vocally, not violently (at least onscreen, that is). As the slogan goes, is “This is what democracy looks like”??? Like what?: Disagreement ad infinitum?


At one point, Alexis Tsipras, the socialistic prime minister of neighboring Greece, visits the Zvezda in an act of solidarity. However, one of the more extreme occupiers denounces Tsipras, who was elected on the left-leaning Syriza Party ticket but eventually acquiesced to the powers-that-be, as an agent of “American imperialism.”


In another vignette caught on camera a homeless woman insists that she, too, should have access to the movie theater and its facilities for basic, economic reasons. One person’s shack is another’s chateau, and for someone living on the streets, having a roof over his/her head is a major improvement. This reminded me of Occupy L.A.’s encampment in front of City Hall from around 2011 to 2014 - a homeless man explained to me then that the occupiers’ enclave was a step up in the world for Angelenos living without shelter. At least at the City Hall enclosure street people had access to tents, toilets, free food and other services. (There were allegations of clashes between the homeless and more politically-minded, idealistic members of Occupy L.A.)


In any case, as the Belgrade cinema’s residents and would-be self managers engage in their debating society, the threat of Serbia’s iron heel of the state invading the theater and ousting the rebels hangs over their heads. Will the Serbian government allow its armed thugs to assault the theater, like the pigs did nationwide under the supposedly “liberal” Obama, to violently throw the Occupy Movement out? Stay tuned and see which government is more menacing to its dissenters: Serbia’s or America’s?


The title of this documentary, directed by Senka Domanovic, seems to have a double meaning. The word “cinema” can refer to the venue where movies are screened, but also to the film medium itself. In addition to being a nonfiction chronicle of the occupation of the Zvezda, Occupied Cinema is itself an example of a film directly spawned by Serbia’s Occupy Movement. There is a disclaimer in the end credits stating that those who appear onscreen do so with their consent and the knowledge that they are being filmed for a motion picture. As such, the 88 minute, subtitled in English Occupied Cinema is a valuable document that records an intriguing moment and the movement motivating it, as politically conscious organizers tried to create a different, alternative model for how to live that’s different from the capitalistic, money-grubbing ways of existing.


At times, Occupied Cinema seemed unclear to me. The participants’ purposes and goals are not always obvious - and, perhaps, this is part of the point of this picture of dissent. It’s also not clear why a capitalist would purchase a chain of 16 rundown cinemas presumably from the state, only to leave them empty and fallow? Where is the profit (that golden calf capitalists always fetishize and worship as if it’s a god) in that? The goal and plans of the cinemas’ buyer is never disclosed.


In a similar vein, I remember that when Occupy L.A. seized City Hall’s front yard and turned it into a sort of experimental Hooverville for dissidents and homeless people that it was hard for me as a journalist to just find out basic facts about the Occupy Movement. There weren’t designated press spokespersons who could keep reporters updated as to when the next demo, action, event, or notable speaker would rant and rave, et al. If Lenin’s manifesto for organizing was written for the Occupy Movement it would have been called: “What Is Not To Be Done?” (Ha ha ha, I crack me up.) But seriously, any movement for change this disorganized is destined to change nothing in the material world (although, admittedly, Occupy did impact America’s consciousness, in particular adding terms like “the 1%” and “the 99%” to our political lexicon). From Belgrade to Wall Street to Downtown L.A. and beyond, any cause this confused is, well, like a bad movie that needs lots of editing.


However, Occupied Cinema per se is actually a very good, thought provoking film, and if it wasn’t for SEEfest presenting its North American premiere (at, BTW, the ideal venue, the community-oriented Echo Park Film Center, which is collectively operated), Angeleno moviegoers would never have had the opportunity to view this worthwhile doc on the big screen, if at all. The essential role filmfests like SEEfest play in our cultural life is something that should occupy our thoughts.


For more info about the South East European Film Festival, which runs through May 8, see:




L.A.-based reviewer/film historian Ed Rampell co-authored “The Hawaii Movie and Television Book” available at: