Yet another deadly firestorm now swirls around Robert E. Lee.  As his statues head to the ash heap of history, a life defined by slavery, betrayal, and slaughter again divides our nation.   Lee was an icon of the Confederacy and the architect of its defeat.  He was a traitor to the United States of America who cost it uncounted lives….right up to now.     Lee’s gentlemanly portraits are a surface illusion.  He could be gracious and chivalrous, a dashing strategist and later a beloved college president. .     But his core was medieval and obsolete.  He was the ultimate undertaker of a culture of death.     Robert was the son of Henry “Lighthorse Harry” Lee, a Revolutionary officer descended from Virginia’s early slaveowners.  But in the early 1800s he served a year in debtor’s prison, and died when Robert was eleven, leaving the family disgraced.       Robert excelled in mathematics and graduated West Point near the top of his class. He served as an engineer and pathfinder in the American conquest of Mexico, where he fought alongside US Grant, who would ultimately defeat him.   In 1859 Lee arrested and hung John Brown after his legendary attempt to deliver weapons from the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, to a slave revolution.


In personal letters, Lee questioned secession and doubted chattel slavery.  But bitter controversy still surrounds his treatment of the slaves on his own plantation.     As a graduate of West Point, Lincoln offered Lee a high command in the Union army.  Instead he led southern armies against the nation of his birth.  That act of treason cost countless lives and still divides our nation.


Though his first first commands were mixed, Lee was a far superior tactician to most early Union generals.  His key campaigns protected Richmond, threatened Washington DC, and inspired the Confederacy to press ahead.   But victory fed Lee’s arrogance.  In July, 1863, while foolishly attacking the north at Gettysburg, he ordered the legendary “Pickett’s Charge” that cost some 7,000 lives in a matter of moments, breaking the back of the Confederate Army.   As the slaughter dragged on, droves of poor whites fled Lee’s army.  To combat desertion, he ordered a mass hanging, and marched his infantry past the corpses.     Thankfully, at war’s end, Lee resisted calls for a prolonged guerrilla resistance.  He surrendered himself and his army in tact.     Lincoln and Grant never put him on trial.  They gave his defeated troops safe haven, rations and the freedom to return to their farms—-with their personal weapons—-for spring planting.  It was among the most magnanimous and far-sighted amnesties ever granted by a conquering army.     In defeat, Lee advocated moderate treatment for freed blacks but opposed their right to vote.  His own franchise was stripped along with ownership of the family estate, which became Arlington National Cemetery.     As an individual, Lee radiated charisma and grace.    But the treatment of his own slaves, his military defense of America’s “peculiar institution” and his treasonous attack on the nation of his birth make him one of America’s most murderous criminals.  That statues still stand to him anywhere is an affront to our standing as a human community.  That beloved individuals like Heather Heyer should die in his wake is altogether consistent with the life he led.   Her death, and those of the two Virginia police officers who died along with her, form the ultimate epitaph to the tragic positions Robert E. Lee took, the decisions he made and the slaughter he helped perpetrate.